Amidst rapid economic growth, cultural globalization, urbanization and the homogenization and commodification of food systems, human diets are dramatically changing. The result? Contrasting and multiple forms of simultaneous malnutrition have become our new normal in the age of the Anthropocene. The intersection of under nutrition with overweight, obesity and diet-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) has become known as the double burden of malnutrition.
Today, no country is immune from this complex coexistence of malnutrition. An estimated half of the global population are malnourished: 815 million adults go hungry each day, and approximately 2 billion are micronutrient deficient; at the same time, more than 2 billion are overweight or obese. Among the most sobering consequences of malnutrition is that almost one in four of the world’s children under five years continue to be permanently stunted, thus limiting their lifelong health, social and economic potential.
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