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Are Vegetable Oils Always a Reliable Source of Vitamin A ?

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Vitamin A is essential for eye health and the proper functioning of the immune system. It is found in foods such as milk, liver and eggs as retinol, and in red and orange fruits, red palm oil, and green leafy vegetables in the form of provitamin A carotenoids. The amount of vitamin A readily available to the body fr om these sources varies widely. In developing areas of the world, where vitamin A is largely consumed in fruits and vegetables, daily intake is oft en insufficient to meet dietary requirements. Inadequate intakes are further compromised by increased requirements for the vitamin as children grow, or during periods of illness, as well as increased losses during common childhood infections. As a result, vitamin A deficiency is quite prevalent in the developing world, and particularly in countries with the highest burden of under-fi ve deaths. A child deficient in vita- min A faces a 25% greater risk of dying fr om common ailments, such as measles, malaria, or diarrhea. Programs to prevent and control vitamin A defi ciency enhance a child’s chances of survival, reduce the severity of childhood illnesses, ease the strain on health systems and hospitals, and contribute to the well-being of children, their families and communities. The fol- lowing three major deficiency control strategies are all meant to complement ongoing public health measures for child health and development: supplementation, dietary diversifi cation, and food fortifi cation.

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Key Details

Year 2012
Authors Veronika Somoza
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/LZIM1315
DOI Number 10.52439/LZIM1315
ISBN
ISSN

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