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Breastfeeding

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The double burden of malnutrition (DBM) can be defined as the simultaneous presence of both under- and overnutrition at the individual, household and population level across the life course.1 The world is indeed now deeply immersed in the DBM. Globally, it is estimated that 155 million children under five are stunted and 41 million are overweight.2 Among adults, 462 million are under- weight, and 1.9 billion are overweight or obese.2 Furthermore, the DBM is characterized by widespread micronutrient deficien- cies affecting both stunted and obese individuals. For example, it is estimated that iron deficiency anemia affects 246 million women of reproductive age.2 Although stunting, obesity and micronu- trient deficiencies call for nutrition-specific actions once they develop, it has recently been proposed that since they are caused by shared drivers related to the social determinants of health, well-coordinated strategies can be designed to prevent these conditions from happening.1,2 The term ‘double-duty action’ in the context of the DBM refers to interventions that are capable of addressing all forms of malnutrition through well-coordinated policies and programs.1,2 It is important, however, to recognize that there are actions that are capable not only of addressing the DBM but also of fostering early childhood development (ECD), i.e., triple-duty actions. Among these, breastfeeding stands out as a maternal-child behavior that fully meets the criteria of a triple-duty action in the context of the DBM.

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Key Details

Year 2018
Authors Rafael Perez Escamilla
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/HYEZ2680
DOI Number 10.52439/HYEZ2680
ISBN
ISSN

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