The past three decades have witnessed a global shift in dietary patterns and a rapid change in food environments, driven by factors such as urbanization and economic and industrial development. This shift has led to a rising demand for, and increased availability of, unhealthy processed convenience foods, in addition to an increasing tendency towards more sedentary life- styles. Consequently, many countries, including low- and middle income countries, are experiencing a nutrition transition, with a concerning increase in the prevalence of overweight and obesity and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). In many of these low- and middle-income countries, however, the prevalence of under nutrition remains high. The problem is therefore twofold, and these countries are challenged by the double bur- den of malnutrition.
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