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Double Burden of Malnutrition at the Individual Level

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The double burden of malnutrition is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as the coexistence of under nutrition along with overweight/obesity or other nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). ‘Under nutrition’ encompasses stunting, wasting or thinness, as well as specific micronutrient deficien- cies. ‘Overnutrition’ refers primarily to overweight or obesity. Overnutrition-related conditions or cardiometabolic risk factors other than obesity include high blood pressure, hyperglycemia and diabetes and at-risk blood lipid profile. These conditions cluster as the metabolic syndrome.
The dichotomy of undernutrition- and overnutrition-related conditions is no longer relevant. Nutrition-related NCDs such as di- abetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are rapidly rising every- where while undernutrition is still highly prevalent, particularly in low-income countries or regions. Urbanization as a major driver of the nutrition transition is occurring most rapidly in low-income countries, and this very rapid nutrition transition is largely responsible for the double burden now observed.1 Food system and environmental changes are undoubtedly a major culprit.

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Key Details

Year 2018
Authors Helene Delisle
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/AWTH5053
DOI Number 10.52439/AWTH5053
ISBN
ISSN

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