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Evidence of Multiple Micronutrient Supplementation (MMS) in Pregnancy

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There is sufficient evidence that micronutrient deficiencies are common, co-exist, are exacerbated during pregnancy, and are likely to influence maternal, fetal, and newborn health. Inadequate and poor-quality diets, cultural food beliefs, limited access and seasonal availability, gender bias, and illness all contribute to the chronic deficiency experienced by women of reproductive age in low and middle income countries (LMIC), where adverse birth outcomes – including high rates of fetal growth restriction, preterm birth, and neonatal and infant mortality – continue to In the past, attention in these settings has been focused on adequate food (balanced energy-protein) supplementation and iron-folic acid use during pregnancy. Multiple micronutrient supplementation (MMS) as a strategy to enhance birth outcomes only began to receive attention recently. In contrast to this, in many high income countries, prenatal multivitamin-mineral supplement use is common and recommended, although not universal. Currently, as it has done in the past, the WHO recommends daily iron and folic acid supplement use as part of antenatal care for reducing the risk of low birth weight and maternal anemia and iron deficiency be high.

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Key Details

Year 2015
Authors Parul Christian
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/BBHV2384
DOI Number 10.52439/BBHV2384
ISBN
ISSN

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