Outside of Asia, the largest per capita rice consumption is in Africa, where 19 countries have more than 75 grams per capita per day (g/c/d) of rice available on average for human consumption (Table 1).1 The World Health Organization considers prevalence of anemia exceeding 40% in a population as being of “severe” public health significance.2 For every single one of these countries, anemia is categorized as “severe” for children under 5; in 12 out of these 19 countries anemia is of “severe” public health significance for non-pregnant women. For further information about vitamin and mineral deficiencies in the region, see article Overview of Evidence and Recommendations for Effective Large-scale Rice Fortification on page 55. This suggests that rice fortification in Africa is a potential opportunity to improve vitamin and mineral intakes across the population, as well as to rapidly increase the volumes of rice fortified globally.
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