Home fortification, also called point-of-use fortification, aims to improve the nutritional quality of foods for individuals aged six months and older (usually children between 6–23 months old but can include children up to 59 months, or five years old; school-aged children; pregnant and lactating women, or other vulnerable groups). Foods are fortified with nutrients (micronutrients alone, or a mix of micronutrients and other vital nutrients
including essential fats, protein and/or specific amino acids, and enzymes) that are typically in powder or paste form, and are mixed into food prior to consumption. They are available in single or multiple-serving packages. UNICEF and CDC’s focus has been on children 6–23 months old (complementary feeding age), since this is the age group where irreversible chronic undernutrition (stunting) develops. Several types of complementary
food supplements are used in home fortification including micronutrient powders (MNP), small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (LNS), and powdered complementary food supplements (CFS). During the last decade, the evidence base increased for the efficacy of home fortification to decrease anemia and iron deficiency in young children,1,2 and there has been a rapid expansion of home fortification programs globally – particularly programs including MNP.
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