The vast damage of typhoons Ketsana and Parma – in North Luzon in September and October 2009 respectively – increased the population’s vulnerability to micronutrient deficiencies. This emergency situation caused deterioration of pre-existing nutritional deficiencies, compromised the population’s food security and increased the likelihood of consuming an unbalanced diet, as well as creating a need for additional micronutrients due to increased risk of infectious diseases. National nutrition data from 2008 showed that the prevalence of anemia
among infants aged 6–11 months (55.7%), 12–23 months (41.0%) and pregnant women (42.5%) were significant public health problems before the typhoons. Prevalence of anemia among children 1–5 years old was 20.8%.
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