Where rice is an important staple food, rice fortification has the potential to significantly contribute to the reduction of micronutrient deficiencies in a population. Fortified rice can reach consumers through three different delivery options. First, governments can mandate that all rice on the market be fortified. Alternatively, rice millers can voluntarily fortify rice in response to market demand. Third, fortified rice can be distributed through social safety net programs. The distribution of fortified rice through social safety net systems can occur alongside either mandatory or voluntary rice fortification. Selecting the most appropriate delivery option depends on public health need, context, and the intended objective and purpose of rice fortification.
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