Vitamin A deficiency is estimated to affect 190 million preschool children globally,1 and is usually associated with low socio-economic conditions and poor anthropometric status. The Nutritional Intervention Research Unit of the South African Medical Research Council (MRC) recently undertook a study on the vitamin A status of preschool children in the Hantam district of the Northern Cape, one of South Africa’s nine provinces. The results showed that, despite poverty and high levels of stunting and underweight, vitamin A deficiency was virtually absent in this community.
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