Blindness and childhood mortality due to vitamin A deficiency is still a severe public health problem in Nepal. Several programs have been launched in the country but it is a well-known fact that this problem cannot be tackled by implementing one or two measures alone. The elimination of poverty, immunization coverage, access to health care facilities, a high literacy rate, an increment in knowledge about sources of vitamin A rich foods, an improvement in dietary habits, hygiene and sanitation, etc. have to go together if we really want to eliminate this problem. This is a report of HRS activities based on the fund provided by SIGHT AND LIFE. The program was implemented as an intervention for early identification and management of children with measles, malnutrition and malabsorption (chronic diarrhea) utilizing existing health care facilities. Children reported with measles, malnutrition and malabsorption (3-Ms) were recorded at the health post or sub-health post of the program area, treated with the vitamin A capsule as per standard vitamin A treatment protocol, the knowledge, attitude and practices of mothers assessed and home-based nutrition education delivered by professionals to the child’s doorstep.
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