Dr Frances Davidson of USAID and Mme Chunming Chen of the Chinese CDC opened the last day of the meeting on the topic of new research findings related to micronutrient interventions. Further consideration was given to the science behind neonatal dosing with vitamin A, a major topic of discussion from the 2007 meeting in Istanbul. Maternal supplementation was also addressed, covering the late-breaking findings of the ObaapaVitA Trial in Ghana on vitamin A and the differential impact of IFA or MMN supplements when initiated during the first trimester of pregnancy or later. Neonatal vitamin A supplementation for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in infancy: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials This session opened with a stimulating debate between Dr Siddhartha Gogia of the Sitaram Bhartia Institute of Science and Research and Dr James Tielsch of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health on the topic of neonatal VAS. Dr Gogia began by present- ing the methodology and results from his team’s recent systematic review. The objectives of the review were to evaluate the effect of prophylactic VAS delivered in the neonatal period on morbidity and mortality during infancy, as well as early adverse events.
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