The primary purpose of this article is to provide a description of the studies that examined early infant survival following vitamin A supplementation of newborn infants. These descriptions will provide a background for the accompanying papers by Drs Benn and Klemm on the wider issues surrounding the vitamin A dosing of newborns. In addition, I will describe the effects of the high dose of vitamin A on retinol reserves in the neonate, compare it with the amount of vitamin A obtained from human colostrum, and examine breast feeding practices in or near to the countries where the vitamin A dosing studies were done. Two recent studies have highlighted some of the consequences of delayed initiation of breast feeding on mortality of the neonate, and their results may be of relevance in the interpretation of the newborn vitamin A dosing trials.
For all devoted to nutrition.
Discover the science behind nutrition and our latest initiatives for a promising tomorrow.