Iron deficiency anemia is a major public health problem worldwide, and infants and children are particularly vulnerable. At this time of rapid growth, iron requirements increase, resulting in a depletion of iron stores and eventually iron deficiency, unless iron intake is sufficient. Consequently, iron supplements have been recommended for children aged six to 24 months in areas with a high prevalence of anemia. However, there is evidence that untargeted iron supplementation can adversely affect the course of malaria. Although it is still not clear how the iron interacts with the malarial parasite, micronutrient powders (MNP) containing low levels of iron may be safer than powders with higher iron doses. However, low iron doses have little nutritional impact, unless absorption is high.
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