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Prioritizing Nutrition Interventions: Modeling Impact on Health

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Significant research over the past decade has advanced our understanding of the impact and cost-effectiveness of nutrition interventions aimed at reducing maternal and child morbidity and mortality in developing countries. Substantial evidence exists to indicate that by addressing micronutrient deficiencies, countries can make significant progress towards achieving the Millennium Development Goals. Several guides for program planners exist that assist in nutrition program design by guiding the approach so as to improve the design, delivery, and effectiveness of nutrition interventions. However, few tools currently exist that can be used by policymakers to translate available scientific knowledge into concrete and strategically prioritized investment decisions. For example, supplementation, fortification, and biofortification are all approaches that can potentially reduce micronutrient deficiency. However, the choice of the appropriate cost-effective nutrition intervention strategies for national control programs is difficult. Cost-effectiveness of programs depends on distribution of micronutrient inadequacy, potential for effective coverage, and program delivery costs. There is the risk of providing insufficient or excessive amounts, missing those at risk, or else of redundant coverage, and with it, unnecessary costs. Such decisions require an understanding of the micronutrient intake distributions in the various population groups and geographic regions, the related magnitude of the nutritional problem, and the population groups and regions affected. Moreover, it requires the ability to estimate the health impact that can be achieved by different intervention portfolios designed to address the same problem but directed at targeted population segments or subgroups.

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Key Details

Year 2015
Authors Maaike J Bruins
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/GJDD6660
DOI Number 10.52439/GJDD6660
ISBN
ISSN

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