When a country chooses to fortify rice to increase micronutrient intake across the population, standards that specify the required quality, the visual and organoleptic characteristics and the nutrient content provide clarity and protection for both manufacturers and consumers. They also ensure acceptability. Standards are more general than specifications or Commodity Requirement Documents (CRD). For example, fortified rice standards might cover a range in terms of the types of rice, nutrient content and quality specifications. Specifications for rice for a contract – such as a government contract for distribution under a social safety net scheme – are more specific, including, for example, the type of rice, the quality in terms of percentage of broken kernels that can be included, the required chemical form and composition of the micronutrients, the technology or technologies used to produce fortified kernels, the visual characteristics of the fortified kernels, the blending ratio of fortified kernels to rice grains, the required packaging, the limits for foreign matter and heavy metals, and the shelf life.
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