Standards and specifications for fortified rice should specify quality in terms of safety, acceptability and nutrient content, for the benefit of consumers and manufacturers. Drafting standards and specifications should be a
consultative process. Codex Alimentarius provides global standards for rice and for food fortification.
Micronutrient levels should be set such that the intake of the micronutrient in the general population, from all sources, is above the estimated average requirement (EAR) and below the tolerable upper limit (UL) for almost everyone. Where intake is not well known and dietary deficiencies are likely, setting the micronutrient level
of fortified rice such that, at prevailing consumption levels, it provides the EAR for adults is a good approach
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