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Study Grant Report

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About 67% of the population of Zambia fall below the national poverty line, earning less than K111,747  USD23.77), with 46% living in extreme poverty. This situation has been compounded in the Luanshya and Ndola districts, whose populations are 163,111 and 495,000 respectively. HIV/AIDS prevalence in the two districts is estimated at 16%. The Prevention of Mother to Child Transmission of HIV/AIDS (PMTCT) is a critical element in the fight against HIV/AIDS. The last representative survey carried out by the Ministry of Health shows that 16% of all pregnant women in Zambia were HIV-positive. Approximately 80,000 infants born annually are HIV-exposed, as their mothers were HIV-infected. Ninety percent of infections in children are a result of Mother to Child Transmission (MTCT) of HIV. Without interventions to prevent vertical transmission, 25%  to 45% of the children born to HIV-infected mothers will become infected with HIV during pregnancy, childbirth or  breastfeeding.

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Key Details

Year 2014
Authors
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/FNPN2244
DOI Number 10.52439/FNPN2244
ISBN
ISSN

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