Rice fortification using either extrusion or coating technologies is a two-step process. The first involves the production of fortified kernels; the second, the blending of fortified kernels with non-fortified rice. Extrusion and rinse-resistant coating are the best available technologies to produce fortified kernels that remain stable under different storage conditions, preparation methods, and cooking techniques, and that are acceptable to consumers. Recommended vitamins and minerals to fortify rice include the micronutrients removed during processing, in addition to micronutrients needed to fill the target population’s nutrient gaps. Fortification with multiple micronutrients is recommended, as micronutrient deficiencies often coexist. The choice of fortificant used to fortify rice depends on its bioavailability and stability, its impact on consumer acceptability, and the type of technology used.
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