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The Multiple Burdens of Malnutrition

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Overweight and obesity, and their associated diet-related non-communicable diseases (NCDs) including cardiovascular disease and diabetes, are no longer a problem exclusive to the developed world.1 In the past, the main burden of nutrition-related disease in the developing world was undernutrition – stunting, underweight, wasting, and micronutrient deficiencies. However, in recent decades there has been a shift in the burden of malnutrition.1 Although undernutrition continues to persist in many low-and middle-income countries,2,3 rates of overweight and obesity are on the rise, particularly among women.4 Between 1975 and 2014, the global prevalence of underweight in women decreased from 14.6% to 9.7%, whereas the obesity prevalence increased from 6.4% to 14.9% over the same period – and the same pattern was found in men.1 Alongside these increases in overweight and obesity, there have been marked increases in the global prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular disease.5,6 The global prevalence of diabetes increased among women from 5% in 1974 to 7.9% in 2014; an appalling 422 million people worldwide now have diabetes.

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Key Details

Year 2016
Authors Shauna Downs
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/ERSS3989
DOI Number 10.52439/ERSS3989
ISBN
ISSN

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