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In his recently published book Factfulness, the late Dr Hans Rosling beautifully compares people’s different standards of living to levels of a computer game whereby everyone wishes to move from Level 1 (living on US$1 per day), to Level 2 (living on US$4 a day) and Level 3 (living on US$16 a day), all the way to Level 4 (living on more than US$32 a day).1 While 200 years ago, 85 percent of the world was living in extreme poverty, on Level 1 today, the vast majority of people are spread out in the middle, across Levels 2 and 3, thanks to remarkable improvements in health, education, water and sanitation, hygiene and economic growth, among many other factors.1 Although there is still a long way to go, it is important to celebrate these developments while keeping sight of the challenges ahead. It was only three years ago that the optimist in each one of us applauded the soaring progress by many countries to- wards achieving the Millennium Development Goal of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger. In recent decades, as low- and middle-income countries made economic advances and under- went the nutrition transition, their undernutrition rates declined (despite the latest increase in the past two years as confirmed in the 2017 and 2018 SOFI report). Yet here we are, grappling with the inconvenient truth that 462 million people are under- weight,2 that over 2 billion people are overweight or obese, and that this latter estimate is used to describe the number of people who suffer from hidden hunger.3 These different forms of malnutrition can coexist within countries and communities, within households, and even within the same person over their lifetime. The double burden of malnutrition has become the new norm in many parts of the world.

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Key Details

Year 2018
Authors Breda Gavin-Smith
Language English
Keywords
DOI https://doi.org/10.52439/HSRO3157
DOI Number 10.52439/HSRO3157
ISBN
ISSN

For all devoted to nutrition.

Discover the science behind nutrition and our latest initiatives for a promising tomorrow.​

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