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The book, The Biology of the First 1,000 Days, addresses this crucial interval of early life across biological disciplines, linking concepts related to all biological fields to outcomes during the first 1,000 days (e.g. fetal growth and pregnancy outcomes) and beyond (e.g. gut microbiome and cardiovascular disease later in life). The strength of this book lies in its cross-disciplinary nature.  The first 1,000 days, from conception to two years of age, is a critical period of growth and development. Exposures to dietary, environmental, hormonal, and other stressors during this window have been associated with an increased risk of poor health outcomes, some of which are irreversible. Download the complete book below.


– Summarizes the importance and irreversible nature of growth and nutrition experienced in the first 1,000 days of life
– Outlines the negative impacts of malnutrition, hormonal stressors, environmental enteropathies, inadequate early growth, and others on later life
– Examines the biology and pathophysiology of the myriad influences on early health and development
– Reviews normal and abnormal fetal and infant development associated with prenatal and postnatal exposures
– Provides suggestions for interventions mitigating poor fetal and early postnatal conditions

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