At nearly six months pregnant, Vidyarani learned that her neighborhood anganwadi center was closing due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) control measures. She depends on the anganwadi for a daily hot cooked meal to feed herself and her two-year-old daughter. Adding to her growing concerns, the lockdown caused her husband to lose his job.
On 9 July 1999, the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Health Organization (WHO) and the United Nations University (UNU) held a technical workshop at the UNICEF headquarters in New York to address widespread micronutrient deficiencies and high rates of anemia among pregnant women. Looking beyond iron and folic acid (IFA), the workshop designed a comprehensive prenatal supplement – or multiple micronutrient supplement (MMS) –that would be tested in effectiveness trials among pregnant women in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Thus, the United Nations International Multiple Micronutrient Antenatal Preparation – now commonly known by its acronym, UNIMMAP – was born.
Many women who are planning or have already had a baby will have heard about the importance of folic acid before conception and in the first 12 weeks of pregnancy. Vitamin B9, as known as folate, describes a group of derivatives of pteryl glutamic acid and folic acid is the synthetic form of folate used in supplements and for food fortification.